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PTE 培生出国英语考试

【PTE写作】想摆脱写作65分?到达 79分进阶技巧

浏览次数:830次 发布时间:2017/3/7 10:05:13 【关闭】 字体: 

记住一个简单的口诀:

先找转折,

再剪修饰,

最后剥栗子。

? 先找转折 But, there is a big but.


But是一个转折词,同样表示转折的词语还有:However, though, while, still, whereas, nevertheless, yet, on the other hand等等。

转折词可以帮大家省半句话。如果大家看过非诚勿扰之类的节目,一定会记得女生无情拒绝的台词:“我觉得你人不错,性格也很好,工作稳定,但是……”然后,就没有然后了。其实在英语的阅读中,"But"也有完全相同的功能。


比如这样一句话:

By far the most popular and most consumed drink in the world is water, but it may come as no surprise that the second most popular beverage is tea.


同学们有没有看到这个大大的But?看到它的时候,果断记住,前面一半的句子,都不重要。这就意味着在考试的时候,你可以完全无视前半句话,因为它根本不是考点所在。


觉得不过瘾?大家再来一句:

Although tea was originally grown only in certain parts of Asia – in countries such as China, Burma and India - it is now a key export product in more than 50 countries around the globe.


这里有一个小小的插入语,先放一边,Although是虽然的意思,所以这句话的前半句,直到插入语结束,都不重要。都不重要。都不重要。重要的事情说三遍。


这样一来,实际考试需要阅读的部分就大大地缩短了。

再剪修饰 Clauses are often worthless.


语法相对扎实的同学会知道,英语的语句,尤其是书面语中,会有大量的从句。从句很多时候起到的是修饰作用,其本身会对信息的某一个要点进行细节的补充。因此,在PTE的考试中,基本可以奉行一个原则:从句的修饰部分,都可以无视。比如这句话:


Countries that grow tea, however, need to have the right tropical climate, which includes up to 200 centimetres of rainfall per year to encourage fast growth, and temperatures that range from ten to 35 degrees centigrade.


整句话的后半部分,是由which引导的修饰性从句,对整体的意思不会有任何影响,可以无视。大家再来一句:


By far the most popular and most consumed drink in the world is water, but it may come as no surprise that the second most popular beverage is tea.


这句话中,that起到的是替代宾语的作用,因此前面的套句部分可以完全无视。

最后剥栗子 There is no such thing as such...


Such as在英语里是一个举例用的连接词,相似的还有for example, for instance等等。举例的实际意义在于用实据来说明证明观点。不过在PTE考试时,请抱着“栗子是什么?好吃吗?”的态度来面对Summarize written text,所有出现的栗子,哦不,是例子,都不重要。好了,闲话少说,大家来剥栗子:


They also need to have quite specific geographical features, such as high altitudes to promote the flavour and taste of the tea, and land that can offer plenty of shade in the form of other trees and vegetation to keep the plants cool and fresh.


虽然很长,但是两只栗子,很轻松地被大家剥了出去。大家来继续做采栗子的小姑娘:


There is green tea, jasmine tea, earl grey tea, peppermint tea, tea to help you sleep, tea to promote healing and tea to relieve stress; but above all, tea is a social drink that seems to suit the palates and consumption habits of human beings in general.


好了,前面这一堆关于茶的栗子,都可以被迅速地清理出去



那么通过以上的技巧,大家就可以比较容易的整理出需要在Summary中写的要点内容了。但是大家经常听到考生的一个疑问是:我整理出了很多关键点,怎么样把它们放到一句话中?


65分的三种解题思路

? 使用 , and, because/ , but 之类的连接词联系两句话。

? 使用 直接联系两句话。


以上这两种写作的方式都有一定的危险性,毕竟如果被抽查到的话,考官很难对这样的句型给出满分的评价。


? 使用从句来链接:这个方式本身没有问题,只是在内容比较多的时候,容易产生语法错误,尤其是当使用which/that指代的时候,单复数的问题,以及使用if/when的时候,过去现在时态的问题。


另外,这几种写法一般会导致字数较多,尤其在文中要点比较多的时候,容易造成字数上的压力。这里,大家给大家分享一个更为简洁有效的方法:使用介词


介词连接法

例子1:

如果大家有这样一句话,括号里的部分是大家希翼补充的内容: Starting a company takes hard work. ( + Most people have little money for this.)


? 79分精炼写法:Starting a company with little money takes hard work.  


这里大家并不需要再用一句新的句子来承载含义,只需要简短地一句话,with little money,说明意思就可以了。

 

例子2

Setting up a business requires not only good ideas but also determination and skill. ( + The business is starting from nothing. The skill is about influencing people.)


? 79分精炼写法:Setting up a business from nothing requires not only good ideas but also determination and skill to influence people.


追求替换词句的同学,也可以使用from zero来代替原文中的from nothing。


例子3

Despite the risk, he had encouragement. (The risk was in his decision to set up a new business. His wife encouraged him.)


? 79分精炼写法:Despite the risk in his decision to set up a new business, he had encourage from his wife.


可以说介词是英语的灵魂,通过它大家可以任何地补充信息。在这里,大家只要确保介词后面跟的基本是名词形态,那么从PTE的语法上来说就不会有太大的问题。


例子4

最后一个例题,大家可以自己想一想,练练手,别急着看答案~

People who set up companies take big risks, but they often gain significant rewards. ( + People invest their own money in these companies. The rewards are a result of their effort.)


? 79分精炼写法1:People who set up companies with investment take big risks, but they often gain significant rewards for their effort.

? 79分精炼写法2:Investors who set up companies take big risks, but they often gain significant rewards for their effort.



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